com.thoughtworks.selenium
Interface Selenium

All Known Implementing Classes:
DefaultSelenium

public interface Selenium

Defines an object that runs Selenium commands.

Element Locators

Element Locators tell Selenium which HTML element a command refers to. The format of a locator is:

locatorType=argument

We support the following strategies for locating elements:

Without an explicit locator prefix, Selenium uses the following default strategies:

Element Filters

Element filters can be used with a locator to refine a list of candidate elements. They are currently used only in the 'name' element-locator.

Filters look much like locators, ie.

filterType=argument

Supported element-filters are:

value=valuePattern

Matches elements based on their values. This is particularly useful for refining a list of similarly-named toggle-buttons.

index=index

Selects a single element based on its position in the list (offset from zero).

String-match Patterns

Various Pattern syntaxes are available for matching string values:

If no pattern prefix is specified, Selenium assumes that it's a "glob" pattern.


Method Summary
 void addLocationStrategy(java.lang.String strategyName, java.lang.String functionDefinition)
          Defines a new function for Selenium to locate elements on the page.
 void addSelection(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String optionLocator)
          Add a selection to the set of selected options in a multi-select element using an option locator.
 void allowNativeXpath(java.lang.String allow)
          Specifies whether Selenium should use the native in-browser implementation of XPath (if any native version is available); if you pass "false" to this function, we will always use our pure-JavaScript xpath library.
 void altKeyDown()
          Press the alt key and hold it down until doAltUp() is called or a new page is loaded.
 void altKeyUp()
          Release the alt key.
 void answerOnNextPrompt(java.lang.String answer)
          Instructs Selenium to return the specified answer string in response to the next JavaScript prompt [window.prompt()].
 void assignId(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String identifier)
          Temporarily sets the "id" attribute of the specified element, so you can locate it in the future using its ID rather than a slow/complicated XPath.
 void captureScreenshot(java.lang.String filename)
          Captures a PNG screenshot to the specified file.
 void check(java.lang.String locator)
          Check a toggle-button (checkbox/radio)
 void chooseCancelOnNextConfirmation()
          By default, Selenium's overridden window.confirm() function will return true, as if the user had manually clicked OK; after running this command, the next call to confirm() will return false, as if the user had clicked Cancel.
 void chooseOkOnNextConfirmation()
          Undo the effect of calling chooseCancelOnNextConfirmation.
 void click(java.lang.String locator)
          Clicks on a link, button, checkbox or radio button.
 void clickAt(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String coordString)
          Clicks on a link, button, checkbox or radio button.
 void close()
          Simulates the user clicking the "close" button in the titlebar of a popup window or tab.
 void controlKeyDown()
          Press the control key and hold it down until doControlUp() is called or a new page is loaded.
 void controlKeyUp()
          Release the control key.
 void createCookie(java.lang.String nameValuePair, java.lang.String optionsString)
          Create a new cookie whose path and domain are same with those of current page under test, unless you specified a path for this cookie explicitly.
 void deleteCookie(java.lang.String name, java.lang.String path)
          Delete a named cookie with specified path.
 void doubleClick(java.lang.String locator)
          Double clicks on a link, button, checkbox or radio button.
 void doubleClickAt(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String coordString)
          Doubleclicks on a link, button, checkbox or radio button.
 void dragAndDrop(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String movementsString)
          Drags an element a certain distance and then drops it
 void dragAndDropToObject(java.lang.String locatorOfObjectToBeDragged, java.lang.String locatorOfDragDestinationObject)
          Drags an element and drops it on another element
 void dragdrop(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String movementsString)
          deprecated - use dragAndDrop instead
 void fireEvent(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String eventName)
          Explicitly simulate an event, to trigger the corresponding "onevent" handler.
 java.lang.String getAlert()
          Retrieves the message of a JavaScript alert generated during the previous action, or fail if there were no alerts.
 java.lang.String[] getAllButtons()
          Returns the IDs of all buttons on the page.
 java.lang.String[] getAllFields()
          Returns the IDs of all input fields on the page.
 java.lang.String[] getAllLinks()
          Returns the IDs of all links on the page.
 java.lang.String[] getAllWindowIds()
          Returns the IDs of all windows that the browser knows about.
 java.lang.String[] getAllWindowNames()
          Returns the names of all windows that the browser knows about.
 java.lang.String[] getAllWindowTitles()
          Returns the titles of all windows that the browser knows about.
 java.lang.String getAttribute(java.lang.String attributeLocator)
          Gets the value of an element attribute.
 java.lang.String[] getAttributeFromAllWindows(java.lang.String attributeName)
          Returns every instance of some attribute from all known windows.
 java.lang.String getBodyText()
          Gets the entire text of the page.
 java.lang.String getConfirmation()
          Retrieves the message of a JavaScript confirmation dialog generated during the previous action.
 java.lang.String getCookie()
          Return all cookies of the current page under test.
 java.lang.Number getCursorPosition(java.lang.String locator)
          Retrieves the text cursor position in the given input element or textarea; beware, this may not work perfectly on all browsers.
 java.lang.Number getElementHeight(java.lang.String locator)
          Retrieves the height of an element
 java.lang.Number getElementIndex(java.lang.String locator)
          Get the relative index of an element to its parent (starting from 0).
 java.lang.Number getElementPositionLeft(java.lang.String locator)
          Retrieves the horizontal position of an element
 java.lang.Number getElementPositionTop(java.lang.String locator)
          Retrieves the vertical position of an element
 java.lang.Number getElementWidth(java.lang.String locator)
          Retrieves the width of an element
 java.lang.String getEval(java.lang.String script)
          Gets the result of evaluating the specified JavaScript snippet.
 java.lang.String getExpression(java.lang.String expression)
          Returns the specified expression.
 java.lang.String getHtmlSource()
          Returns the entire HTML source between the opening and closing "html" tags.
 java.lang.String getLocation()
          Gets the absolute URL of the current page.
 java.lang.Number getMouseSpeed()
          Returns the number of pixels between "mousemove" events during dragAndDrop commands (default=10).
 java.lang.String getPrompt()
          Retrieves the message of a JavaScript question prompt dialog generated during the previous action.
 java.lang.String getSelectedId(java.lang.String selectLocator)
          Gets option element ID for selected option in the specified select element.
 java.lang.String[] getSelectedIds(java.lang.String selectLocator)
          Gets all option element IDs for selected options in the specified select or multi-select element.
 java.lang.String getSelectedIndex(java.lang.String selectLocator)
          Gets option index (option number, starting at 0) for selected option in the specified select element.
 java.lang.String[] getSelectedIndexes(java.lang.String selectLocator)
          Gets all option indexes (option number, starting at 0) for selected options in the specified select or multi-select element.
 java.lang.String getSelectedLabel(java.lang.String selectLocator)
          Gets option label (visible text) for selected option in the specified select element.
 java.lang.String[] getSelectedLabels(java.lang.String selectLocator)
          Gets all option labels (visible text) for selected options in the specified select or multi-select element.
 java.lang.String getSelectedValue(java.lang.String selectLocator)
          Gets option value (value attribute) for selected option in the specified select element.
 java.lang.String[] getSelectedValues(java.lang.String selectLocator)
          Gets all option values (value attributes) for selected options in the specified select or multi-select element.
 java.lang.String[] getSelectOptions(java.lang.String selectLocator)
          Gets all option labels in the specified select drop-down.
 void getSpeed()
          Get execution speed (i.e., get the millisecond length of the delay following each selenium operation).
 java.lang.String getTable(java.lang.String tableCellAddress)
          Gets the text from a cell of a table.
 java.lang.String getText(java.lang.String locator)
          Gets the text of an element.
 java.lang.String getTitle()
          Gets the title of the current page.
 java.lang.String getValue(java.lang.String locator)
          Gets the (whitespace-trimmed) value of an input field (or anything else with a value parameter).
 boolean getWhetherThisFrameMatchFrameExpression(java.lang.String currentFrameString, java.lang.String target)
          Determine whether current/locator identify the frame containing this running code.
 boolean getWhetherThisWindowMatchWindowExpression(java.lang.String currentWindowString, java.lang.String target)
          Determine whether currentWindowString plus target identify the window containing this running code.
 java.lang.Number getXpathCount(java.lang.String xpath)
          Returns the number of nodes that match the specified xpath, eg.
 void goBack()
          Simulates the user clicking the "back" button on their browser.
 void highlight(java.lang.String locator)
          Briefly changes the backgroundColor of the specified element yellow.
 boolean isAlertPresent()
          Has an alert occurred?
 boolean isChecked(java.lang.String locator)
          Gets whether a toggle-button (checkbox/radio) is checked.
 boolean isConfirmationPresent()
          Has confirm() been called?
 boolean isEditable(java.lang.String locator)
          Determines whether the specified input element is editable, ie hasn't been disabled.
 boolean isElementPresent(java.lang.String locator)
          Verifies that the specified element is somewhere on the page.
 boolean isOrdered(java.lang.String locator1, java.lang.String locator2)
          Check if these two elements have same parent and are ordered siblings in the DOM.
 boolean isPromptPresent()
          Has a prompt occurred?
 boolean isSomethingSelected(java.lang.String selectLocator)
          Determines whether some option in a drop-down menu is selected.
 boolean isTextPresent(java.lang.String pattern)
          Verifies that the specified text pattern appears somewhere on the rendered page shown to the user.
 boolean isVisible(java.lang.String locator)
          Determines if the specified element is visible.
 void keyDown(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String keySequence)
          Simulates a user pressing a key (without releasing it yet).
 void keyPress(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String keySequence)
          Simulates a user pressing and releasing a key.
 void keyUp(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String keySequence)
          Simulates a user releasing a key.
 void metaKeyDown()
          Press the meta key and hold it down until doMetaUp() is called or a new page is loaded.
 void metaKeyUp()
          Release the meta key.
 void mouseDown(java.lang.String locator)
          Simulates a user pressing the mouse button (without releasing it yet) on the specified element.
 void mouseDownAt(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String coordString)
          Simulates a user pressing the mouse button (without releasing it yet) at the specified location.
 void mouseMove(java.lang.String locator)
          Simulates a user pressing the mouse button (without releasing it yet) on the specified element.
 void mouseMoveAt(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String coordString)
          Simulates a user pressing the mouse button (without releasing it yet) on the specified element.
 void mouseOut(java.lang.String locator)
          Simulates a user moving the mouse pointer away from the specified element.
 void mouseOver(java.lang.String locator)
          Simulates a user hovering a mouse over the specified element.
 void mouseUp(java.lang.String locator)
          Simulates the event that occurs when the user releases the mouse button (i.e., stops holding the button down) on the specified element.
 void mouseUpAt(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String coordString)
          Simulates the event that occurs when the user releases the mouse button (i.e., stops holding the button down) at the specified location.
 void open(java.lang.String url)
          Opens an URL in the test frame.
 void openWindow(java.lang.String url, java.lang.String windowID)
          Opens a popup window (if a window with that ID isn't already open).
 void refresh()
          Simulates the user clicking the "Refresh" button on their browser.
 void removeAllSelections(java.lang.String locator)
          Unselects all of the selected options in a multi-select element.
 void removeSelection(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String optionLocator)
          Remove a selection from the set of selected options in a multi-select element using an option locator.
 void runScript(java.lang.String script)
          Creates a new "script" tag in the body of the current test window, and adds the specified text into the body of the command.
 void select(java.lang.String selectLocator, java.lang.String optionLocator)
          Select an option from a drop-down using an option locator.
 void selectFrame(java.lang.String locator)
          Selects a frame within the current window.
 void selectWindow(java.lang.String windowID)
          Selects a popup window; once a popup window has been selected, all commands go to that window.
 void setBrowserLogLevel(java.lang.String logLevel)
          Sets the threshold for browser-side logging messages; log messages beneath this threshold will be discarded.
 void setContext(java.lang.String context)
          Writes a message to the status bar and adds a note to the browser-side log.
 void setCursorPosition(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String position)
          Moves the text cursor to the specified position in the given input element or textarea.
 void setMouseSpeed(java.lang.String pixels)
          Configure the number of pixels between "mousemove" events during dragAndDrop commands (default=10).
 void setSpeed(java.lang.String value)
          Set execution speed (i.e., set the millisecond length of a delay which will follow each selenium operation).
 void setTimeout(java.lang.String timeout)
          Specifies the amount of time that Selenium will wait for actions to complete.
 void shiftKeyDown()
          Press the shift key and hold it down until doShiftUp() is called or a new page is loaded.
 void shiftKeyUp()
          Release the shift key.
 void start()
          Launches the browser with a new Selenium session
 void stop()
          Ends the test session, killing the browser
 void submit(java.lang.String formLocator)
          Submit the specified form.
 void type(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String value)
          Sets the value of an input field, as though you typed it in.
 void typeKeys(java.lang.String locator, java.lang.String value)
          Simulates keystroke events on the specified element, as though you typed the value key-by-key.
 void uncheck(java.lang.String locator)
          Uncheck a toggle-button (checkbox/radio)
 void waitForCondition(java.lang.String script, java.lang.String timeout)
          Runs the specified JavaScript snippet repeatedly until it evaluates to "true".
 void waitForFrameToLoad(java.lang.String frameAddress, java.lang.String timeout)
          Waits for a new frame to load.
 void waitForPageToLoad(java.lang.String timeout)
          Waits for a new page to load.
 void waitForPopUp(java.lang.String windowID, java.lang.String timeout)
          Waits for a popup window to appear and load up.
 void windowFocus()
          Gives focus to the currently selected window
 void windowMaximize()
          Resize currently selected window to take up the entire screen
 

Method Detail

start

void start()
Launches the browser with a new Selenium session


stop

void stop()
Ends the test session, killing the browser


click

void click(java.lang.String locator)
Clicks on a link, button, checkbox or radio button. If the click action causes a new page to load (like a link usually does), call waitForPageToLoad.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator

doubleClick

void doubleClick(java.lang.String locator)
Double clicks on a link, button, checkbox or radio button. If the double click action causes a new page to load (like a link usually does), call waitForPageToLoad.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator

clickAt

void clickAt(java.lang.String locator,
             java.lang.String coordString)
Clicks on a link, button, checkbox or radio button. If the click action causes a new page to load (like a link usually does), call waitForPageToLoad.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
coordString - specifies the x,y position (i.e. - 10,20) of the mouse event relative to the element returned by the locator.

doubleClickAt

void doubleClickAt(java.lang.String locator,
                   java.lang.String coordString)
Doubleclicks on a link, button, checkbox or radio button. If the action causes a new page to load (like a link usually does), call waitForPageToLoad.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
coordString - specifies the x,y position (i.e. - 10,20) of the mouse event relative to the element returned by the locator.

fireEvent

void fireEvent(java.lang.String locator,
               java.lang.String eventName)
Explicitly simulate an event, to trigger the corresponding "onevent" handler.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
eventName - the event name, e.g. "focus" or "blur"

keyPress

void keyPress(java.lang.String locator,
              java.lang.String keySequence)
Simulates a user pressing and releasing a key.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
keySequence - Either be a string("\" followed by the numeric keycode of the key to be pressed, normally the ASCII value of that key), or a single character. For example: "w", "\119".

shiftKeyDown

void shiftKeyDown()
Press the shift key and hold it down until doShiftUp() is called or a new page is loaded.


shiftKeyUp

void shiftKeyUp()
Release the shift key.


metaKeyDown

void metaKeyDown()
Press the meta key and hold it down until doMetaUp() is called or a new page is loaded.


metaKeyUp

void metaKeyUp()
Release the meta key.


altKeyDown

void altKeyDown()
Press the alt key and hold it down until doAltUp() is called or a new page is loaded.


altKeyUp

void altKeyUp()
Release the alt key.


controlKeyDown

void controlKeyDown()
Press the control key and hold it down until doControlUp() is called or a new page is loaded.


controlKeyUp

void controlKeyUp()
Release the control key.


keyDown

void keyDown(java.lang.String locator,
             java.lang.String keySequence)
Simulates a user pressing a key (without releasing it yet).

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
keySequence - Either be a string("\" followed by the numeric keycode of the key to be pressed, normally the ASCII value of that key), or a single character. For example: "w", "\119".

keyUp

void keyUp(java.lang.String locator,
           java.lang.String keySequence)
Simulates a user releasing a key.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
keySequence - Either be a string("\" followed by the numeric keycode of the key to be pressed, normally the ASCII value of that key), or a single character. For example: "w", "\119".

mouseOver

void mouseOver(java.lang.String locator)
Simulates a user hovering a mouse over the specified element.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator

mouseOut

void mouseOut(java.lang.String locator)
Simulates a user moving the mouse pointer away from the specified element.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator

mouseDown

void mouseDown(java.lang.String locator)
Simulates a user pressing the mouse button (without releasing it yet) on the specified element.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator

mouseDownAt

void mouseDownAt(java.lang.String locator,
                 java.lang.String coordString)
Simulates a user pressing the mouse button (without releasing it yet) at the specified location.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
coordString - specifies the x,y position (i.e. - 10,20) of the mouse event relative to the element returned by the locator.

mouseUp

void mouseUp(java.lang.String locator)
Simulates the event that occurs when the user releases the mouse button (i.e., stops holding the button down) on the specified element.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator

mouseUpAt

void mouseUpAt(java.lang.String locator,
               java.lang.String coordString)
Simulates the event that occurs when the user releases the mouse button (i.e., stops holding the button down) at the specified location.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
coordString - specifies the x,y position (i.e. - 10,20) of the mouse event relative to the element returned by the locator.

mouseMove

void mouseMove(java.lang.String locator)
Simulates a user pressing the mouse button (without releasing it yet) on the specified element.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator

mouseMoveAt

void mouseMoveAt(java.lang.String locator,
                 java.lang.String coordString)
Simulates a user pressing the mouse button (without releasing it yet) on the specified element.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
coordString - specifies the x,y position (i.e. - 10,20) of the mouse event relative to the element returned by the locator.

type

void type(java.lang.String locator,
          java.lang.String value)
Sets the value of an input field, as though you typed it in.

Can also be used to set the value of combo boxes, check boxes, etc. In these cases, value should be the value of the option selected, not the visible text.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
value - the value to type

typeKeys

void typeKeys(java.lang.String locator,
              java.lang.String value)
Simulates keystroke events on the specified element, as though you typed the value key-by-key.

This is a convenience method for calling keyDown, keyUp, keyPress for every character in the specified string; this is useful for dynamic UI widgets (like auto-completing combo boxes) that require explicit key events.

Unlike the simple "type" command, which forces the specified value into the page directly, this command may or may not have any visible effect, even in cases where typing keys would normally have a visible effect. For example, if you use "typeKeys" on a form element, you may or may not see the results of what you typed in the field.

In some cases, you may need to use the simple "type" command to set the value of the field and then the "typeKeys" command to send the keystroke events corresponding to what you just typed.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
value - the value to type

setSpeed

void setSpeed(java.lang.String value)
Set execution speed (i.e., set the millisecond length of a delay which will follow each selenium operation). By default, there is no such delay, i.e., the delay is 0 milliseconds.

Parameters:
value - the number of milliseconds to pause after operation

getSpeed

void getSpeed()
Get execution speed (i.e., get the millisecond length of the delay following each selenium operation). By default, there is no such delay, i.e., the delay is 0 milliseconds. See also setSpeed.


check

void check(java.lang.String locator)
Check a toggle-button (checkbox/radio)

Parameters:
locator - an element locator

uncheck

void uncheck(java.lang.String locator)
Uncheck a toggle-button (checkbox/radio)

Parameters:
locator - an element locator

select

void select(java.lang.String selectLocator,
            java.lang.String optionLocator)
Select an option from a drop-down using an option locator.

Option locators provide different ways of specifying options of an HTML Select element (e.g. for selecting a specific option, or for asserting that the selected option satisfies a specification). There are several forms of Select Option Locator.

If no option locator prefix is provided, the default behaviour is to match on label.

Parameters:
selectLocator - an element locator identifying a drop-down menu
optionLocator - an option locator (a label by default)

addSelection

void addSelection(java.lang.String locator,
                  java.lang.String optionLocator)
Add a selection to the set of selected options in a multi-select element using an option locator.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator identifying a multi-select box
optionLocator - an option locator (a label by default)
See Also:
for details of option locators

removeSelection

void removeSelection(java.lang.String locator,
                     java.lang.String optionLocator)
Remove a selection from the set of selected options in a multi-select element using an option locator.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator identifying a multi-select box
optionLocator - an option locator (a label by default)
See Also:
for details of option locators

removeAllSelections

void removeAllSelections(java.lang.String locator)
Unselects all of the selected options in a multi-select element.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator identifying a multi-select box

submit

void submit(java.lang.String formLocator)
Submit the specified form. This is particularly useful for forms without submit buttons, e.g. single-input "Search" forms.

Parameters:
formLocator - an element locator for the form you want to submit

open

void open(java.lang.String url)
Opens an URL in the test frame. This accepts both relative and absolute URLs. The "open" command waits for the page to load before proceeding, ie. the "AndWait" suffix is implicit. Note: The URL must be on the same domain as the runner HTML due to security restrictions in the browser (Same Origin Policy). If you need to open an URL on another domain, use the Selenium Server to start a new browser session on that domain.

Parameters:
url - the URL to open; may be relative or absolute

openWindow

void openWindow(java.lang.String url,
                java.lang.String windowID)
Opens a popup window (if a window with that ID isn't already open). After opening the window, you'll need to select it using the selectWindow command.

This command can also be a useful workaround for bug SEL-339. In some cases, Selenium will be unable to intercept a call to window.open (if the call occurs during or before the "onLoad" event, for example). In those cases, you can force Selenium to notice the open window's name by using the Selenium openWindow command, using an empty (blank) url, like this: openWindow("", "myFunnyWindow").

Parameters:
url - the URL to open, which can be blank
windowID - the JavaScript window ID of the window to select

selectWindow

void selectWindow(java.lang.String windowID)
Selects a popup window; once a popup window has been selected, all commands go to that window. To select the main window again, use null as the target.

Note that there is a big difference between a window's internal JavaScript "name" property and the "title" of a given window's document (which is normally what you actually see, as an end user, in the title bar of the window). The "name" is normally invisible to the end-user; it's the second parameter "windowName" passed to the JavaScript method window.open(url, windowName, windowFeatures, replaceFlag) (which selenium intercepts).

Selenium has several strategies for finding the window object referred to by the "windowID" parameter.

1.) if windowID is null, (or the string "null") then it is assumed the user is referring to the original window instantiated by the browser).

2.) if the value of the "windowID" parameter is a JavaScript variable name in the current application window, then it is assumed that this variable contains the return value from a call to the JavaScript window.open() method.

3.) Otherwise, selenium looks in a hash it maintains that maps string names to window "names".

4.) If that fails, we'll try looping over all of the known windows to try to find the appropriate "title". Since "title" is not necessarily unique, this may have unexpected behavior.

If you're having trouble figuring out what is the name of a window that you want to manipulate, look at the selenium log messages which identify the names of windows created via window.open (and therefore intercepted by selenium). You will see messages like the following for each window as it is opened:

debug: window.open call intercepted; window ID (which you can use with selectWindow()) is "myNewWindow"

In some cases, Selenium will be unable to intercept a call to window.open (if the call occurs during or before the "onLoad" event, for example). (This is bug SEL-339.) In those cases, you can force Selenium to notice the open window's name by using the Selenium openWindow command, using an empty (blank) url, like this: openWindow("", "myFunnyWindow").

Parameters:
windowID - the JavaScript window ID of the window to select

selectFrame

void selectFrame(java.lang.String locator)
Selects a frame within the current window. (You may invoke this command multiple times to select nested frames.) To select the parent frame, use "relative=parent" as a locator; to select the top frame, use "relative=top". You can also select a frame by its 0-based index number; select the first frame with "index=0", or the third frame with "index=2".

You may also use a DOM expression to identify the frame you want directly, like this: dom=frames["main"].frames["subframe"]

Parameters:
locator - an element locator identifying a frame or iframe

getWhetherThisFrameMatchFrameExpression

boolean getWhetherThisFrameMatchFrameExpression(java.lang.String currentFrameString,
                                                java.lang.String target)
Determine whether current/locator identify the frame containing this running code.

This is useful in proxy injection mode, where this code runs in every browser frame and window, and sometimes the selenium server needs to identify the "current" frame. In this case, when the test calls selectFrame, this routine is called for each frame to figure out which one has been selected. The selected frame will return true, while all others will return false.

Parameters:
currentFrameString - starting frame
target - new frame (which might be relative to the current one)
Returns:
true if the new frame is this code's window

getWhetherThisWindowMatchWindowExpression

boolean getWhetherThisWindowMatchWindowExpression(java.lang.String currentWindowString,
                                                  java.lang.String target)
Determine whether currentWindowString plus target identify the window containing this running code.

This is useful in proxy injection mode, where this code runs in every browser frame and window, and sometimes the selenium server needs to identify the "current" window. In this case, when the test calls selectWindow, this routine is called for each window to figure out which one has been selected. The selected window will return true, while all others will return false.

Parameters:
currentWindowString - starting window
target - new window (which might be relative to the current one, e.g., "_parent")
Returns:
true if the new window is this code's window

waitForPopUp

void waitForPopUp(java.lang.String windowID,
                  java.lang.String timeout)
Waits for a popup window to appear and load up.

Parameters:
windowID - the JavaScript window ID of the window that will appear
timeout - a timeout in milliseconds, after which the action will return with an error

chooseCancelOnNextConfirmation

void chooseCancelOnNextConfirmation()
By default, Selenium's overridden window.confirm() function will return true, as if the user had manually clicked OK; after running this command, the next call to confirm() will return false, as if the user had clicked Cancel. Selenium will then resume using the default behavior for future confirmations, automatically returning true (OK) unless/until you explicitly call this command for each confirmation.


chooseOkOnNextConfirmation

void chooseOkOnNextConfirmation()
Undo the effect of calling chooseCancelOnNextConfirmation. Note that Selenium's overridden window.confirm() function will normally automatically return true, as if the user had manually clicked OK, so you shouldn't need to use this command unless for some reason you need to change your mind prior to the next confirmation. After any confirmation, Selenium will resume using the default behavior for future confirmations, automatically returning true (OK) unless/until you explicitly call chooseCancelOnNextConfirmation for each confirmation.


answerOnNextPrompt

void answerOnNextPrompt(java.lang.String answer)
Instructs Selenium to return the specified answer string in response to the next JavaScript prompt [window.prompt()].

Parameters:
answer - the answer to give in response to the prompt pop-up

goBack

void goBack()
Simulates the user clicking the "back" button on their browser.


refresh

void refresh()
Simulates the user clicking the "Refresh" button on their browser.


close

void close()
Simulates the user clicking the "close" button in the titlebar of a popup window or tab.


isAlertPresent

boolean isAlertPresent()
Has an alert occurred?

This function never throws an exception

Returns:
true if there is an alert

isPromptPresent

boolean isPromptPresent()
Has a prompt occurred?

This function never throws an exception

Returns:
true if there is a pending prompt

isConfirmationPresent

boolean isConfirmationPresent()
Has confirm() been called?

This function never throws an exception

Returns:
true if there is a pending confirmation

getAlert

java.lang.String getAlert()
Retrieves the message of a JavaScript alert generated during the previous action, or fail if there were no alerts.

Getting an alert has the same effect as manually clicking OK. If an alert is generated but you do not get/verify it, the next Selenium action will fail.

NOTE: under Selenium, JavaScript alerts will NOT pop up a visible alert dialog.

NOTE: Selenium does NOT support JavaScript alerts that are generated in a page's onload() event handler. In this case a visible dialog WILL be generated and Selenium will hang until someone manually clicks OK.

Returns:
The message of the most recent JavaScript alert

getConfirmation

java.lang.String getConfirmation()
Retrieves the message of a JavaScript confirmation dialog generated during the previous action.

By default, the confirm function will return true, having the same effect as manually clicking OK. This can be changed by prior execution of the chooseCancelOnNextConfirmation command. If an confirmation is generated but you do not get/verify it, the next Selenium action will fail.

NOTE: under Selenium, JavaScript confirmations will NOT pop up a visible dialog.

NOTE: Selenium does NOT support JavaScript confirmations that are generated in a page's onload() event handler. In this case a visible dialog WILL be generated and Selenium will hang until you manually click OK.

Returns:
the message of the most recent JavaScript confirmation dialog

getPrompt

java.lang.String getPrompt()
Retrieves the message of a JavaScript question prompt dialog generated during the previous action.

Successful handling of the prompt requires prior execution of the answerOnNextPrompt command. If a prompt is generated but you do not get/verify it, the next Selenium action will fail.

NOTE: under Selenium, JavaScript prompts will NOT pop up a visible dialog.

NOTE: Selenium does NOT support JavaScript prompts that are generated in a page's onload() event handler. In this case a visible dialog WILL be generated and Selenium will hang until someone manually clicks OK.

Returns:
the message of the most recent JavaScript question prompt

getLocation

java.lang.String getLocation()
Gets the absolute URL of the current page.

Returns:
the absolute URL of the current page

getTitle

java.lang.String getTitle()
Gets the title of the current page.

Returns:
the title of the current page

getBodyText

java.lang.String getBodyText()
Gets the entire text of the page.

Returns:
the entire text of the page

getValue

java.lang.String getValue(java.lang.String locator)
Gets the (whitespace-trimmed) value of an input field (or anything else with a value parameter). For checkbox/radio elements, the value will be "on" or "off" depending on whether the element is checked or not.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
Returns:
the element value, or "on/off" for checkbox/radio elements

getText

java.lang.String getText(java.lang.String locator)
Gets the text of an element. This works for any element that contains text. This command uses either the textContent (Mozilla-like browsers) or the innerText (IE-like browsers) of the element, which is the rendered text shown to the user.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
Returns:
the text of the element

highlight

void highlight(java.lang.String locator)
Briefly changes the backgroundColor of the specified element yellow. Useful for debugging.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator

getEval

java.lang.String getEval(java.lang.String script)
Gets the result of evaluating the specified JavaScript snippet. The snippet may have multiple lines, but only the result of the last line will be returned.

Note that, by default, the snippet will run in the context of the "selenium" object itself, so this will refer to the Selenium object. Use window to refer to the window of your application, e.g. window.document.getElementById('foo')

If you need to use a locator to refer to a single element in your application page, you can use this.browserbot.findElement("id=foo") where "id=foo" is your locator.

Parameters:
script - the JavaScript snippet to run
Returns:
the results of evaluating the snippet

isChecked

boolean isChecked(java.lang.String locator)
Gets whether a toggle-button (checkbox/radio) is checked. Fails if the specified element doesn't exist or isn't a toggle-button.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator pointing to a checkbox or radio button
Returns:
true if the checkbox is checked, false otherwise

getTable

java.lang.String getTable(java.lang.String tableCellAddress)
Gets the text from a cell of a table. The cellAddress syntax tableLocator.row.column, where row and column start at 0.

Parameters:
tableCellAddress - a cell address, e.g. "foo.1.4"
Returns:
the text from the specified cell

getSelectedLabels

java.lang.String[] getSelectedLabels(java.lang.String selectLocator)
Gets all option labels (visible text) for selected options in the specified select or multi-select element.

Parameters:
selectLocator - an element locator identifying a drop-down menu
Returns:
an array of all selected option labels in the specified select drop-down

getSelectedLabel

java.lang.String getSelectedLabel(java.lang.String selectLocator)
Gets option label (visible text) for selected option in the specified select element.

Parameters:
selectLocator - an element locator identifying a drop-down menu
Returns:
the selected option label in the specified select drop-down

getSelectedValues

java.lang.String[] getSelectedValues(java.lang.String selectLocator)
Gets all option values (value attributes) for selected options in the specified select or multi-select element.

Parameters:
selectLocator - an element locator identifying a drop-down menu
Returns:
an array of all selected option values in the specified select drop-down

getSelectedValue

java.lang.String getSelectedValue(java.lang.String selectLocator)
Gets option value (value attribute) for selected option in the specified select element.

Parameters:
selectLocator - an element locator identifying a drop-down menu
Returns:
the selected option value in the specified select drop-down

getSelectedIndexes

java.lang.String[] getSelectedIndexes(java.lang.String selectLocator)
Gets all option indexes (option number, starting at 0) for selected options in the specified select or multi-select element.

Parameters:
selectLocator - an element locator identifying a drop-down menu
Returns:
an array of all selected option indexes in the specified select drop-down

getSelectedIndex

java.lang.String getSelectedIndex(java.lang.String selectLocator)
Gets option index (option number, starting at 0) for selected option in the specified select element.

Parameters:
selectLocator - an element locator identifying a drop-down menu
Returns:
the selected option index in the specified select drop-down

getSelectedIds

java.lang.String[] getSelectedIds(java.lang.String selectLocator)
Gets all option element IDs for selected options in the specified select or multi-select element.

Parameters:
selectLocator - an element locator identifying a drop-down menu
Returns:
an array of all selected option IDs in the specified select drop-down

getSelectedId

java.lang.String getSelectedId(java.lang.String selectLocator)
Gets option element ID for selected option in the specified select element.

Parameters:
selectLocator - an element locator identifying a drop-down menu
Returns:
the selected option ID in the specified select drop-down

isSomethingSelected

boolean isSomethingSelected(java.lang.String selectLocator)
Determines whether some option in a drop-down menu is selected.

Parameters:
selectLocator - an element locator identifying a drop-down menu
Returns:
true if some option has been selected, false otherwise

getSelectOptions

java.lang.String[] getSelectOptions(java.lang.String selectLocator)
Gets all option labels in the specified select drop-down.

Parameters:
selectLocator - an element locator identifying a drop-down menu
Returns:
an array of all option labels in the specified select drop-down

getAttribute

java.lang.String getAttribute(java.lang.String attributeLocator)
Gets the value of an element attribute.

Parameters:
attributeLocator - an element locator followed by an @ sign and then the name of the attribute, e.g. "foo@bar"
Returns:
the value of the specified attribute

isTextPresent

boolean isTextPresent(java.lang.String pattern)
Verifies that the specified text pattern appears somewhere on the rendered page shown to the user.

Parameters:
pattern - a pattern to match with the text of the page
Returns:
true if the pattern matches the text, false otherwise

isElementPresent

boolean isElementPresent(java.lang.String locator)
Verifies that the specified element is somewhere on the page.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
Returns:
true if the element is present, false otherwise

isVisible

boolean isVisible(java.lang.String locator)
Determines if the specified element is visible. An element can be rendered invisible by setting the CSS "visibility" property to "hidden", or the "display" property to "none", either for the element itself or one if its ancestors. This method will fail if the element is not present.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
Returns:
true if the specified element is visible, false otherwise

isEditable

boolean isEditable(java.lang.String locator)
Determines whether the specified input element is editable, ie hasn't been disabled. This method will fail if the specified element isn't an input element.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
Returns:
true if the input element is editable, false otherwise

getAllButtons

java.lang.String[] getAllButtons()
Returns the IDs of all buttons on the page.

If a given button has no ID, it will appear as "" in this array.

Returns:
the IDs of all buttons on the page

getAllLinks

java.lang.String[] getAllLinks()
Returns the IDs of all links on the page.

If a given link has no ID, it will appear as "" in this array.

Returns:
the IDs of all links on the page

getAllFields

java.lang.String[] getAllFields()
Returns the IDs of all input fields on the page.

If a given field has no ID, it will appear as "" in this array.

Returns:
the IDs of all field on the page

getAttributeFromAllWindows

java.lang.String[] getAttributeFromAllWindows(java.lang.String attributeName)
Returns every instance of some attribute from all known windows.

Parameters:
attributeName - name of an attribute on the windows
Returns:
the set of values of this attribute from all known windows.

dragdrop

void dragdrop(java.lang.String locator,
              java.lang.String movementsString)
deprecated - use dragAndDrop instead

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
movementsString - offset in pixels from the current location to which the element should be moved, e.g., "+70,-300"

setMouseSpeed

void setMouseSpeed(java.lang.String pixels)
Configure the number of pixels between "mousemove" events during dragAndDrop commands (default=10).

Setting this value to 0 means that we'll send a "mousemove" event to every single pixel in between the start location and the end location; that can be very slow, and may cause some browsers to force the JavaScript to timeout.

If the mouse speed is greater than the distance between the two dragged objects, we'll just send one "mousemove" at the start location and then one final one at the end location.

Parameters:
pixels - the number of pixels between "mousemove" events

getMouseSpeed

java.lang.Number getMouseSpeed()
Returns the number of pixels between "mousemove" events during dragAndDrop commands (default=10).

Returns:
the number of pixels between "mousemove" events during dragAndDrop commands (default=10)

dragAndDrop

void dragAndDrop(java.lang.String locator,
                 java.lang.String movementsString)
Drags an element a certain distance and then drops it

Parameters:
locator - an element locator
movementsString - offset in pixels from the current location to which the element should be moved, e.g., "+70,-300"

dragAndDropToObject

void dragAndDropToObject(java.lang.String locatorOfObjectToBeDragged,
                         java.lang.String locatorOfDragDestinationObject)
Drags an element and drops it on another element

Parameters:
locatorOfObjectToBeDragged - an element to be dragged
locatorOfDragDestinationObject - an element whose location (i.e., whose center-most pixel) will be the point where locatorOfObjectToBeDragged is dropped

windowFocus

void windowFocus()
Gives focus to the currently selected window


windowMaximize

void windowMaximize()
Resize currently selected window to take up the entire screen


getAllWindowIds

java.lang.String[] getAllWindowIds()
Returns the IDs of all windows that the browser knows about.

Returns:
the IDs of all windows that the browser knows about.

getAllWindowNames

java.lang.String[] getAllWindowNames()
Returns the names of all windows that the browser knows about.

Returns:
the names of all windows that the browser knows about.

getAllWindowTitles

java.lang.String[] getAllWindowTitles()
Returns the titles of all windows that the browser knows about.

Returns:
the titles of all windows that the browser knows about.

getHtmlSource

java.lang.String getHtmlSource()
Returns the entire HTML source between the opening and closing "html" tags.

Returns:
the entire HTML source

setCursorPosition

void setCursorPosition(java.lang.String locator,
                       java.lang.String position)
Moves the text cursor to the specified position in the given input element or textarea. This method will fail if the specified element isn't an input element or textarea.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator pointing to an input element or textarea
position - the numerical position of the cursor in the field; position should be 0 to move the position to the beginning of the field. You can also set the cursor to -1 to move it to the end of the field.

getElementIndex

java.lang.Number getElementIndex(java.lang.String locator)
Get the relative index of an element to its parent (starting from 0). The comment node and empty text node will be ignored.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator pointing to an element
Returns:
of relative index of the element to its parent (starting from 0)

isOrdered

boolean isOrdered(java.lang.String locator1,
                  java.lang.String locator2)
Check if these two elements have same parent and are ordered siblings in the DOM. Two same elements will not be considered ordered.

Parameters:
locator1 - an element locator pointing to the first element
locator2 - an element locator pointing to the second element
Returns:
true if element1 is the previous sibling of element2, false otherwise

getElementPositionLeft

java.lang.Number getElementPositionLeft(java.lang.String locator)
Retrieves the horizontal position of an element

Parameters:
locator - an element locator pointing to an element OR an element itself
Returns:
of pixels from the edge of the frame.

getElementPositionTop

java.lang.Number getElementPositionTop(java.lang.String locator)
Retrieves the vertical position of an element

Parameters:
locator - an element locator pointing to an element OR an element itself
Returns:
of pixels from the edge of the frame.

getElementWidth

java.lang.Number getElementWidth(java.lang.String locator)
Retrieves the width of an element

Parameters:
locator - an element locator pointing to an element
Returns:
width of an element in pixels

getElementHeight

java.lang.Number getElementHeight(java.lang.String locator)
Retrieves the height of an element

Parameters:
locator - an element locator pointing to an element
Returns:
height of an element in pixels

getCursorPosition

java.lang.Number getCursorPosition(java.lang.String locator)
Retrieves the text cursor position in the given input element or textarea; beware, this may not work perfectly on all browsers.

Specifically, if the cursor/selection has been cleared by JavaScript, this command will tend to return the position of the last location of the cursor, even though the cursor is now gone from the page. This is filed as SEL-243.

This method will fail if the specified element isn't an input element or textarea, or there is no cursor in the element.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator pointing to an input element or textarea
Returns:
the numerical position of the cursor in the field

getExpression

java.lang.String getExpression(java.lang.String expression)
Returns the specified expression.

This is useful because of JavaScript preprocessing. It is used to generate commands like assertExpression and waitForExpression.

Parameters:
expression - the value to return
Returns:
the value passed in

getXpathCount

java.lang.Number getXpathCount(java.lang.String xpath)
Returns the number of nodes that match the specified xpath, eg. "//table" would give the number of tables.

Parameters:
xpath - the xpath expression to evaluate. do NOT wrap this expression in a 'count()' function; we will do that for you.
Returns:
the number of nodes that match the specified xpath

assignId

void assignId(java.lang.String locator,
              java.lang.String identifier)
Temporarily sets the "id" attribute of the specified element, so you can locate it in the future using its ID rather than a slow/complicated XPath. This ID will disappear once the page is reloaded.

Parameters:
locator - an element locator pointing to an element
identifier - a string to be used as the ID of the specified element

allowNativeXpath

void allowNativeXpath(java.lang.String allow)
Specifies whether Selenium should use the native in-browser implementation of XPath (if any native version is available); if you pass "false" to this function, we will always use our pure-JavaScript xpath library. Using the pure-JS xpath library can improve the consistency of xpath element locators between different browser vendors, but the pure-JS version is much slower than the native implementations.

Parameters:
allow - boolean, true means we'll prefer to use native XPath; false means we'll only use JS XPath

waitForCondition

void waitForCondition(java.lang.String script,
                      java.lang.String timeout)
Runs the specified JavaScript snippet repeatedly until it evaluates to "true". The snippet may have multiple lines, but only the result of the last line will be considered.

Note that, by default, the snippet will be run in the runner's test window, not in the window of your application. To get the window of your application, you can use the JavaScript snippet selenium.browserbot.getCurrentWindow(), and then run your JavaScript in there

Parameters:
script - the JavaScript snippet to run
timeout - a timeout in milliseconds, after which this command will return with an error

setTimeout

void setTimeout(java.lang.String timeout)
Specifies the amount of time that Selenium will wait for actions to complete.

Actions that require waiting include "open" and the "waitFor*" actions.

The default timeout is 30 seconds.

Parameters:
timeout - a timeout in milliseconds, after which the action will return with an error

waitForPageToLoad

void waitForPageToLoad(java.lang.String timeout)
Waits for a new page to load.

You can use this command instead of the "AndWait" suffixes, "clickAndWait", "selectAndWait", "typeAndWait" etc. (which are only available in the JS API).

Selenium constantly keeps track of new pages loading, and sets a "newPageLoaded" flag when it first notices a page load. Running any other Selenium command after turns the flag to false. Hence, if you want to wait for a page to load, you must wait immediately after a Selenium command that caused a page-load.

Parameters:
timeout - a timeout in milliseconds, after which this command will return with an error

waitForFrameToLoad

void waitForFrameToLoad(java.lang.String frameAddress,
                        java.lang.String timeout)
Waits for a new frame to load.

Selenium constantly keeps track of new pages and frames loading, and sets a "newPageLoaded" flag when it first notices a page load.

See waitForPageToLoad for more information.

Parameters:
frameAddress - FrameAddress from the server side
timeout - a timeout in milliseconds, after which this command will return with an error

getCookie

java.lang.String getCookie()
Return all cookies of the current page under test.

Returns:
all cookies of the current page under test

createCookie

void createCookie(java.lang.String nameValuePair,
                  java.lang.String optionsString)
Create a new cookie whose path and domain are same with those of current page under test, unless you specified a path for this cookie explicitly.

Parameters:
nameValuePair - name and value of the cookie in a format "name=value"
optionsString - options for the cookie. Currently supported options include 'path' and 'max_age'. the optionsString's format is "path=/path/, max_age=60". The order of options are irrelevant, the unit of the value of 'max_age' is second.

deleteCookie

void deleteCookie(java.lang.String name,
                  java.lang.String path)
Delete a named cookie with specified path.

Parameters:
name - the name of the cookie to be deleted
path - the path property of the cookie to be deleted

setBrowserLogLevel

void setBrowserLogLevel(java.lang.String logLevel)
Sets the threshold for browser-side logging messages; log messages beneath this threshold will be discarded. Valid logLevel strings are: "debug", "info", "warn", "error" or "off". To see the browser logs, you need to either show the log window in GUI mode, or enable browser-side logging in Selenium RC.

Parameters:
logLevel - one of the following: "debug", "info", "warn", "error" or "off"

runScript

void runScript(java.lang.String script)
Creates a new "script" tag in the body of the current test window, and adds the specified text into the body of the command. Scripts run in this way can often be debugged more easily than scripts executed using Selenium's "getEval" command. Beware that JS exceptions thrown in these script tags aren't managed by Selenium, so you should probably wrap your script in try/catch blocks if there is any chance that the script will throw an exception.

Parameters:
script - the JavaScript snippet to run

addLocationStrategy

void addLocationStrategy(java.lang.String strategyName,
                         java.lang.String functionDefinition)
Defines a new function for Selenium to locate elements on the page. For example, if you define the strategy "foo", and someone runs click("foo=blah"), we'll run your function, passing you the string "blah", and click on the element that your function returns, or throw an "Element not found" error if your function returns null. We'll pass three arguments to your function: The function must return null if the element can't be found.

Parameters:
strategyName - the name of the strategy to define; this should use only letters [a-zA-Z] with no spaces or other punctuation.
functionDefinition - a string defining the body of a function in JavaScript. For example: return inDocument.getElementById(locator);

setContext

void setContext(java.lang.String context)
Writes a message to the status bar and adds a note to the browser-side log.

Parameters:
context - the message to be sent to the browser

captureScreenshot

void captureScreenshot(java.lang.String filename)
Captures a PNG screenshot to the specified file.

Parameters:
filename - the absolute path to the file to be written, e.g. "c:\blah\screenshot.png"


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